RUBIN, REUVEN (1893–1974), Israeli painter. Born in Galats, Romania, the son of Feiga and Joel Zelicovici, Rubin drew from the time he was a young ḥeder pupil. At 14 he had already published his drawings in local illustrated journals and books. In 1912 Rubin traveled to Jerusalem intending to study in the Bezalel School of Art and Design. A year later he moved to Paris to study at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and at the Academie Colarossi. Rubin returned to Tel Aviv only in 1923 but continued to travel and to exhibit all over the world. Pictures by Rubin were acquired by the world's main museums, such as the Musée National d'Art Modern in Paris (Goldfish Vendor, 1955) and the Museum of Modern Art in New York (The Flute Player, 1940). In Israel his art works appeared in national institutes, such as the painting The Glory of Galilee (1965–66) located in the Knesset in Jerusalem and the stained glass windows in the Residence of the President of Israel in Jerusalem (1969). Rubin participated in the Venice Biennale more than once. He was the first Israeli minister plenipotentiary to Romania (1949–50). Rubin was awarded the Israel Prize in 1973. In 1974 Rubin signed a contract with Tel Aviv's mayor in which he turned his house over to the city. This building, which stands on Bialik   Street near the Bialik House as well as close to the old municipality building, became the Rubin House Museum. Most of Rubin's pictures expressed the local environment of Ereẓ Israel. The views reflect the landscapes, the flora, the fauna, and the variety of types of people he saw in the country, all painted in a unique way combining naïve and simplified styles. The naïve image was created mainly by the distortion of proportions. The lack of shadows, the existence of contour lines, and the strange perspective were part of the naïve style of the 1930s and expressed Rubin's impression regarding the significance of the location. In a self-portrait he showed himself as a dark-skinned person with a half-open shirt, seated on a simple stool. The view that appeared through the window was mostly a view of Jaffa with Arabic figures and houses (Self Portrait, 1925, Paris). During the 1940s he described the olive fields of the Galilee. The figures he dealt with were the biblical figures that he had felt especially close to since he had been a child and even more so when he was situated in Israel. His picture series Jerusalem the Golden combined the real landscape of the Judean Mountains and the imaginary temple set in its supposed original place. Later in the windows of the President's Residence he combined fragments from his art works with the biblical scenes of Jacob Wrestling with the Angel, King David Enters Jerusalem and Elijah Ascending to Heaven. Although it was a huge project using a new technique, Rubin, then approaching his 76th year, accepted the assignment with delight. He declared the windows his gift to the nation. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Wilkinson, Reuven Rubin (1975); Tel Aviv, Rubin museum, Catalogue of the Permanent Collection, 1993. (Ronit Steinberg (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Rubin, Reuven — (1893–1974)    Israel painter. Rubin was born in a Romanian ghetto and at the age of nineteen emigrated to Palestine, enrolled at the Bezalel School of Art in Jerusalem, then went on to study in Paris. He settled in Palestine and in 1922 was a… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Rubin, Reuven — (1893 1973)    Born in Romania, he studied at the Bezalel School in Jerusalem as well as in Paris, Italy, and Romania before settling in Tel Aviv in 1922. He was the first artist to have a one man show at the Tower of David in Jerusalem in 1924,… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Rubin, Reuven — (1893 1974)    Israeli artist. Born in Romania, he studied at the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts. Later he studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. After World War I he lived in Italy, Romania and the US. In 1922 he returned to Palestine …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Reuven Rubin — Rubin 1946 in seinem Atelier in Tel Aviv Reuven Rubin (* 13. November 1893 in Galați als Reuven Zelicovici; † 13. Oktober 1974, Tel Aviv) war ein rumänischstämmiger, israelischer Maler und der erste israelische Botschafter in Rumänien. Er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuven Rubin — (born Reuven Zelicovici; November 13, 1893 October 13, 1974) was a Romanian born Israeli painter and Israel s first diplomatic representative in rank of plenipotentiary minister to Romania.Citation last = Rosenfeld first = Jeannie author link =… …   Wikipedia

  • Reuven Rubin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rubin. Reuven Rubin dans son atelier en 1946. Photographie prise par Zoltan Kluger Reuven Rubin (né Reuven Zelicovici) né le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rubin (Begriffsklärung) — Rubin [Rubín] bezeichnet Rubin, einen Edelstein Rubin (Satellit), Minisatellitenprogramm der Firma OHB Technology Rubin (Unternehmen), serbischer Getränkehersteller Rubin Kasan, tatarischer Fußballverein Kurzform der Pokémon Rubin und Saphir… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rubin — (Polish, German, Russian, Romanian, Serbian, Swedish, Danish and Yiddish word for Ruby) can refer to the following people:;Surnames * Alan Rubin, American musician * Andrejs Rubins * Arthur Rubin (b. 1956), American mathematician * Avi Rubin,… …   Wikipedia

  • Rubin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Rubin est un patronyme porté par plusieurs personnalités: Bruce Joel Rubin (1943 ), producteur, réalisateur et scénariste américain; Chanda Rubin (1976 ) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reuven — Recorded in over seventy spellings forms including Reuben, Ruhben, Rubin and Rubel, to diminutives and patronymics such as Reubbens, Rubenovic, and Rubinivitz, this is a surname of pre 7th century Hebrew and/or Germanic origins. There is some… …   Surnames reference

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